Offering Ukraine and Georgia NATO membership back in 2008 was a tremendous mistake. It hardened the political fronts inside the countries, leading Georgia to believe that NATO would help bringing back its breakaway regions, creating the ground for the 2008 Russo-Georgian war. We are seeing the replay of that on a much grander scale now in Ukraine.
A booktalk with Dr. Leos Müller
A Roundtable with Ambassador Jack Matlock
December 20, 2021Photo by Christian Lue on Unsplash On December 17 the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs presented proposals to the United States and NATO for the demilitarization of Eastern Europe, proposing security guarantees, and a halt to NATO expansion. It is high time to address the resolution of conflicts in Ukraine and Georgia, as well as the underlying hostilities…
Korea’s Struggle for Neutrality amid Empires, 1882–1907
A Seminar with Aryo Makko
Silenced by some, pronounced dead by others, Austria’s neutrality has seen more glorious days. However, the concept is far from being outdated on a global scale. Austria’s internationalist and humanitarian neutrality has the potential to greatly assist Europe if it is only utilized for that purpose.
A booktalk with Dr. Michael Jonas
From the Hungarian Crisis to the Rapacki Plan and Raab’s Proposal for the Solution of the German Question 1956-1958 Seminar In 1955, the Austrian parliament decided on the country’s “perpetual neutrality” within the framework of a federal constitutional law. It states the following: (1) For the purpose of permanently asserting its independence vis-à-vis the outside…
An Analysis of Afghanistan’s Permanent Neutrality